1999 - July 2001: active at Pike Place Market on executive board of the Constituency, the public-interest group founded by city charter; in Admiral Parking Garage Group; constitutional protection for rural churches and schools.
1999: ran for Seattle City Council - lost. 45 - 55%; 73,085 - 89,662.
1999: mid-January, by-pass heart surgery, Providence Hospital.
1997: ran for Seattle Mayor - lost in general. 43 - 57%; 81,683 - 106,414.
1996: won unexpired term on City Council. 56.8 - 43.2%; 120,050 - 91,146.
1995: ran as protest candidate for City Council - lost.
1989 - 1994: neighborhood activist. 1989 - College Street Ravine; 1989-1993 president, Admiral Community Council, West Seattle representative on Seattle Open Space Committee, SPIF [Shoreline Parks Improvement Committee]
1983 - 1989: retired. active in 1987 Pike Place Market tenants protest of rent increases.
1964 - 1983: volunteer then employee of federal anti-poverty agency in Washington, D.C., San Francisco, Arkansas, eastern Washington, Alaska, Seattle. Helped start VISTA Volunteer program, then worked as trouble-shooter for Community Action Program, then in Seattle regional office as program operations chief.
1958 - 1963: small canning company (3 plants) in Minnesota, executive vice president.
1954 - 1958: research assistant in public finance and international law for lawyer/lobbyist.
1951 - 1954: U.S. Air Force, 1st lieutenant. Philippines, Korea, Japan.
1948 - 1951: Georgetown University, B.S. in Foreign Service. Editor, Foreign Service News Letter; president, Samuel Gompers Labor Club.
1945 - 1947: U.S. Army, staff sergeant; then worked at Royal Hawaiian Hotel.
1944 - 1945: St. Louis High School, Honolulu; then Dole Pineapple Company.